Business insiders who trade stocks based on information they get at work earn significantly more if they work for multinational companies than their counterparts at U.S. companies with no overseas sales.This is Key findings of our new peer-reviewed study.
secret deal This occurs when a director or employee trades a company’s public stock or other securities based on material or “material” information about the business.Insider trading is not illegal as long as the person Report transactions to the Securities and Exchange Commission And that information is already in the public domain.
We wondered whether multinational insiders could make more money because they had more sophisticated information than outsiders.
So we checked the return More than 2.5 million transactions Between 1987 and 2019, more than 10,000 company insiders reported this to the SEC. This is only a subset of all insider transactions reported during the period, as we only focus on those most likely to be known through employee insight. We then compared the monthly returns of multinational and domestic corporate insiders with those of typical investors.
We find that all insiders outperform the market, but multinational insiders do better—especially when they are at the top of the corporate ladder. Domestic company insiders typically earn a return of 2.4 percent within a month of buying a stock, compared with 2.8 percent for multinational insiders. That may not sound like a lot, but assuming steady returns, an insider could potentially make an extra $170,000 if they traded $1 million in a few months.and triple Typical stock market gain of 0.9% for the month
The best-informed insiders at multinational companies—executives and others with the best knowledge of the company and its operations—received an even bigger advantage, earning 3.6 percent a month, compared with 2.7 percent at domestic firms.
why is this important
Most people are familiar with insider trading as it is portrayed in movies in criminal terms such as Gordon Gekko “Wall Street.” In the film, he made millions using insider information from others.
But even when legal, insider trading can be very lucrative.that’s because insiders Trading on publicly available information Know your industry better than outside investors and process information more effectively.
For multinational companies, the advantages of being an insider are growing. As multinational corporations generate revenue abroad in different currencies, culturethe economy and operating environmentwhich may be difficult for outsiders or analysts Accurately assess company value and its share price. This is especially true when companies operate in regions that are culturally and linguistically different from the United States. This can help insiders buy underpriced shares on the cheap and then sell them for a windfall, making deals more efficient.
Companies often motivate employees Work harder by offering them a stake in success, but it could damage trust in financial markets if insiders appear to be gaining an unfair advantage over ordinary investors. The size and profitability of such transactions (especially based on our data) means that regulators and policymakers may need to consider whether new restrictions on insider trading are needed, such as additional restrictions on the timing or frequency of transactions.
What other research is being done
Scholars, including us, are pursuing a variety of avenues to study insider trading, such as How to Determine Insider Trading Limits and How Insider Trading Informs the Market When News is Limited.We recently conducted research on how colleagues at the same company engage in insider trading tend to cluster togetherwe are currently studying how innovation affects insider trading.
Another recently released project concerns how to incorporate information into stock market prices and How Investors Are Underreacting to the News This could affect the ability of insiders to make profitable trades. Likewise, ongoing research uses GPT language models to assess the complexity of business regulatory filings and financial statements by: Analyzing technical terms that can confuse investorswhich may also affect how outside investors perceive stock prices compared to inside investors.
this Research Profile Is a short introduction to interesting academic work.