india made history On August 23, 2023, China became the first country to use the Chandrayaan-3 lander to land near the south pole of the moon. This also makes it the first country after China to land on the moon in 2020.

India is one of several countries, including the US Artemis Project – Try to land on the moon.The South Pole of the Moon is special interestbecause its surface is riddled with craters, channels and ancient ice, and has not been visited until now.

Conversation with America Inquiry International Affairs Specialist Mariel Borowitz talks about the impact of the moon landing on science and the international community.

Why would a country like India want to go to the moon?

countries are interested go to the moon Because it can inspire people, test the limits of human technological capabilities, and allow us to discover more about our solar system.

the moon has a historical and cultural significance It does seem to resonate with people — anyone in the world can look up at the night sky, see the moon, and understand how amazing it is to have a human-built spaceship roam the surface.

The Moon also presents a unique opportunity to engage with both International Cooperation and Competition In a peaceful yet highly visible way.

the fact is so many countries – USA, Russia, China, India, Israel – and even commercial entities Being interested in going to the moon means there are many opportunities for new partnerships.

These partnerships could allow nations to do more in space by pooling resources, and encourage more peaceful cooperation on Earth by connecting individual researchers and organizations.

Others also believe that exploring the moon can bring economic benefits. In the short term, this could include the emergence of startups working on space technologies and contributing to these missions.india has seen Space startups proliferate recent.

Eventually, the Moon may offer economic benefits based on the natural resources found there, such as water, Helium 3 and rare earth element.

Are we seeing a renewed global interest in space?

Over the past few decades, we have seen a significant increase in the number of nations involved in space activities. This is evident, for example, when it comes to satellites that collect images or data of Earth. More than 60 countries Participated in such satellite missions. Now we see this trend extending to space exploration, especially the moon.

In some ways, interest in the moon is similar to the goals of the first space race in the 1960s—to demonstrate technological capabilities and inspire young people and the public. This time, however, it’s not just a contest between two superpowers.Now we have many participants, although there are still a competitive factorthere is also an opportunity to collaborate and form new international partnerships to explore space.

Furthermore, with all these new players and technological advancements over the past 60 years, there is potential to participate in more sustainable exploration. This could include building lunar bases, developing methods to utilize lunar resources and eventually engaging in natural resource or tourism-based economic activities on the moon.

How does India’s mission to the moon compare to those of other countries?

India’s achievement is the first of its kind and is very exciting, but it is worth noting that it is one of seven currently running tasks The moon and its surroundings.

also India’s Chandrayaan-3 rover near Antarctica, and Korean Pathfinder Lunar Orbiteris studying the lunar surface to determine future landing sites; NASA-funded apex spaceshipwhich was developed by a space startups; and NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The CAPSTONE spacecraft is studying the stability of its unique orbit around the Moon, and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is collecting data about the Moon and mapping it for future missions.

In addition, at the same time India’s Chandrayaan-2 rover After the crash, the accompanying orbiter remained operational.China’s Chang’e-4 and Chang’e-5 The lander is still operating on the moon.

Other countries and commercial entities are working to join. Russia’s Luna-25 mission fall into the moon Chandrayaan-3 is still three days away from landing, but the fact that Russia has developed a lunar rover and gotten so close is still a major achievement.

The same goes for a lunar lander built by a Japanese private space company. space.lander fall into the moon April 2023.

Why choose to explore the South Pole of the Moon?

The south pole of the moon is the region where countries live Focus on future exploration. All of NASA 13 candidate landing sites The Artemis program is located near the South Pole.

This area offers the greatest potential to find ice waterwhich can be used to support astronauts and making rocket fuel.it is also There is a peak Being in constant or near constant sunlight creates an excellent opportunity for generating electricity to support lunar activity.

Mariel Borowitz is an associate professor of international affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology.

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